Up till now 7 different kinds of honey bee and 44 sub-species have been recorded, but there are proofs of its 11 kinds in the history. Among all of its kinds only Apis is recognized for making honey and collecting wax. Its origination proofs are found in the history of South East Asia and Philippines. The legs of honey bee have their own importance. The baskets for collecting pollens and honey, which are called Carbiculae are only found on the body of female honey bee. The black hairs at the fourth joint of the hind legs are curled in a way that it takes the shape of a basket. There is no such basket on male bee, since they have no other work except wandering here and there.
Like termites, the colony of honey bee also comprises of some special members, which includes the queen, members and drones. The queen and members are female, whereas drones are male. The details of their activities are as under:
There is only one queen in the hive whose work is laying eggs and reproduction. There are colorful spots on its body. It is rather bigger in size as well. It is the mother of all the members of the colony. Member bees are born from the fertilized eggs, whereas drones are born from the unfertilized eggs. The unity that is found among the honey bees is dependent only on the reproductive power of the queen. The absence of queen is recognized immediately and in the twinkle of an eye the colonial unity gets disturbed.
Member bees are in fact female but unfortunately are not capable of mating and reproduction. They perform all the necessary works for the hive, which includes keeping the hive clean, storage of food, feeding the adolescents and above all they excrete wax from the glands of their abdomen for the construction of hive. This wax is very useful for making internal shelves of the hive. Besides, they also perform the duty of guards at the main gate and mixing of nectar with other mixtures for making honey is also included among their innumerable works.
After performing so many works they become somewhat aggressive. The thing is that when queen bee starts laying eggs the member bees start a parade around it and as soon as the egg is laid they engulf it. This continues for long and queen bee compels to see this drama helplessly and when member bees get exhausted, the queen bee takes advantage of the situation and becomes aggressive.
The member bees adopt rebellious attitude but seeing their losing control surrender soon and then get involved in performing other works of the hive with much dedication. Now sensing the critical situation the queen bee starts laying eggs very fast. Every bee in this colony works; male, female and member bees fulfills their duties quite well. When all the bees get busy in their household chores, you will see no other family as peaceful as theirs. They never come across scarcity of food in their hive due to their best planning.
Drones are male bees; they do not collect nectar rather their only purpose of life is mating, which is crucial for reproduction. After mating drones die soon automatically.
The life of honey bee depicts constant struggle. Besides producing honey, they collect pollens, which help a lot in the reproduction of many plants. Among all of its kinds, it would not be wrong if we say Apic Mellifica as Commercial Pollinators. The hive's full responsibility is on members bees. In case of attack they counter attack by using their sting ability and excrete special kind of pheromine in order to inform other bees about this unexpected calamity. The other bees after smelling the pheromine starts returning back to the hive and provide full support to their partner bees which compel the attackers run away.
If unfortunately, you become the victim of honey bee and if it stings, you should apply alkali that posses characteristics of sodabicarb or apply ammonia, since sting has acidic properties and refrain from rubbing the sting area with any kind of metal. Member bees inform their partner bees about the stores of nectar for honey in an amazing and unique way. For this purpose they take support of dance, they dance in a very interesting way that is called "Waggle Dance". Each kind of honey bee has their own dance style. If the flower's garden (Nectar Resource) is nearer to the hive they do "Round Dance" and if many kilometers far, they do some other kind of dance.
There colonies are the result of their collective efforts rather than individual efforts. That's why they are always seen in herds and if this herd sits somewhere, they immediately start making their hive. This type of inclination is not seen in any other "Order" of insects.
Their activities cool down with the advent of winter. When temperature falls down to 10-12o C or 40-50o F, they choose the center of the hive to make winter cluster. All of them gather around the winter cluster. Member bees move in and out near the winter cluster to maintain the temperature around 27-28o C or 93-95o F for other bees of the hive. This way none of the bees feel cold.
During winter season they survive on their storage food, but the end of this mysterious world starts with the first snowfall of winter, when the entire drones die, whereas member bees become sluggish and immobilized and only female bees are left alive in the snowfall season. These bees go in hibernation and get involved in making new family at the start of the spring season.
Nectar is only in the shape of raw material. You can collect tons of nectar but you can never make honey from it. For this purpose you need the enzymes of honey bee. Sometimes honey bee tries its level best to survive in the winter season without migration or hibernation but hardly succeed in its attempt. However, it is a fact that honey bee has provided humans so many benefits that have no precedent in this world.
People are using honey from the ancient times. It is the best alternative of sugar, which is used in abundance in various shakes without any fear. The importance of honey cannot be denied in the medical field. It is rather a cheap mixture and possesses great importance in the medical field. Injuries and wounds are easily treated by applying it. In fact honey is the mixture of many ingredients, some special are Glucose, Fructose and Salts which includes Magnesium, Potassium, Calcium, Sodium, Chlorine, Sulpher, Iron and Phosphate.
Besides above ingredients few vitamins like B3, B5, B6 and C are also found in honey but they are not fixed and final and change as per Nectar and Pollen availability. There is also minimal amount of Copper, Iodine and Zinc present in Honey. Honey is also considered the best Antimi Crobial Agent, which has the capability of repairing affected damaged tissues. It also provides natural resistance against bacteria, viruses and fungi. It is proved from different sources that if honey is dissolved in water and taken emptied stomach early in the morning, it is beneficial against stomach ulcer and dehydration.
It is also considered as the best scope for skin. You can use it as the best moisturizer and the conditioner for the hair as well. This may be the reason that honey is used in abundance in the cosmetics products. If you apply it with olive oil on your hair, you will get natural shine in your hair and if you are suffering from throat swelling, you will feel quite well after taking the spoonful of honey because it is filled with properties of Antimi Crobial. If you are facing allergy problems, its usage will keep you safe from seasonal allergy as well.
If you remain the victim of symptoms of coughs, colds, flu, and throat infections, here's a product I like that you might want to check out! You can get Natural Revive Honey Herbal Elixer : 12 oz. for just $21.99 (a 11% savings!) at TripleClicks. Click Here For Details
- How to Get Rid of Invisible Insects
- Bio-Luminosity - A Technique That Sea-Animals Use to Protect Themselves From Enemies
- Advantages of Possessing a Yellow-Colored Labrador Dog